(1) .不要混淆什么是你喜欢做的工作与什么是你善长做的工作。如果你柔滑的声音，你不需要在婚礼上才唱你的生命之歌，或者如果你在用香料方面有一种离奇的功能，你也不一定要成为厨师。首先开始你的事业兴趣搜集，先拿出两张纸，分别在每张纸上写下你喜欢做的工作和善长做的工作。选择其中一个最合适的工作。虽然它也许要求更多深入的探索，纸上写的什么是你最喜欢最重要的。为什么？由于如果你喜欢做某件事，你将为它做更多的事，生涯设计公益网(www.16175.com)职业规划 而不仅仅为一张规划而支付薪金的支票。你将经常做这个工作，并且会在训练中投资，当做这件事情遇到困难时，你也会不顾一切的想去克服它，想去完成它。你将会一直做这个工作，到你善长这个工作。而且还远远不止这些。
Authors： Tom Attwater
sources :THE FUTURIST November –December2005,www.wfs.org
1 Career planning
What comes to your mind when you think about career planning? Many people aren’t sure what career planning means. For our purposes we will define career planning as “A goal that you desire to achieve in a selected field or occupation with a well thought out plan to get you there.”
Why decide on a career goal? A career goal helps you focus and make decisions on what you want to do for a living. It directs you, motivates you and helps you to accomplish what you want. A career goal helps you focus and make decisions on what you want to do for a living. A career goal can be a specific job—such as a clerk or teacher—or a career goal can be a particular field you want to work in, such as transportation or education.
A career goal may help you discover your talent, skills and abilities and possibilities that you wouldn’t have thought of. Many possibilities exist with any career you choose. Having a career goal can guide you to doing what you want to do in your life—rather than just aimlessly drifting from job to job. Once you choose a career, it would be to your advantage to think strategically about the steps you need to take to accomplish your goal. The future is unpredictable; however, you should still make career goals and plan the necessary steps to your goal.
2 Expectation and disappointments
With every goal there is an anticipated desired outcome. We call this an expectation. Our expectations help keep us
motivated. When we realize our goal, we often feel joy and satisfaction. All of us have expectations and disappointments. In the process in thinking about our goals, we have to be prepared to have disappointments.
Career planning is simply goal planning with the intention of setting goals for jobs and career.The world we live in works in certain ways. The more one knows how it works, the better one can achieve those goals by utilizing the processes that give you the advantage. Career planning is simply goal planning with the intention of setting goals for jobs and career.
In order to remain competitive you need to be as flexible as you can and continually increase your skills. Some things you can do are: go to school, take workshops or seminars, keep up with trade journals and talk to people who are knowledgeable in the field. Today, it’s almost mandatory for us to take some form of training all through our care keep up with the times.
When I talk about training or skill, I’m not just talking about things like organization and time management, although these are important. However, stress management, problem solving, risk taking, and overcoming procrastination, to name a few, are equally, if not more important, to getting to your goal.
3 Career planning is important
Let’s suppose you choose a field. Career planning is not planning for that field on a one-time only basis, but it’s a continuing process; in fact, you can call it a lifetime process. We are always learning and growing, and as we do, our
interests and needs also change. Career planning is not just making plans to obtain your “perfect” job or career, but to help you make the many adjustments there will be along the way as you learn about you and your world or work.
Career planning is estimating, predicting and calculating all the steps necessary to achieving your goals. In the process, you are always making choices. When you choose one alternative over another, this is called an opportunity cost. An opportunity cost is the cost of passing up your next best choice when making a decision. In career planning, we need to always be mindful of our opportunity costs and take into consideration all that will come our way. Those who have successful careers understand how the game of work is played. As you can see career planning is more than just looking at jobs and positions and working hard.
Career planning is a process and is always ongoing and often runs in cycles. When you desire change in your career, the process can be repeated many times. In planning your career, try to find the people who can be mentors for you and assist you along the way. Career planning is no different than any goal setting and planning. The difference is that you are specifically separating your career and job goals from all other goals you may have.
The reason most people do not turn their wishes and dreams into reality is because they don’t take these wishes and dreams and make them goals. A goal is a dream with a deadline.
There are many reasons why people don’t make goals for themselves. The biggest reason is they don’t understand that the process of goal setting is a skill. All of us have made some goals in our life and achieved them. But most of these were not large or life changing goals like going into business, changing careers, becoming wealthy, writing a novel, going from office clerk to a top executive or becoming an expert in your field.
Avoid these career planning errors.As a kid, you aspired to be a doctor, astronaut or princess. But as you get older, the innocent “What do you want to be when you grow up?” really starts to hit home. “I’m 20 years old,” you may want to say. “How am I supposed to know?”
Whether you’re just entering college or preparing for graduation, now’s the time to start thinking about your career. While no single article can tell you how to choose your occupational destiny, Donald Asher outlines some common career planning mistakes to avoid in his book How to Get Any Job with Any Major (Ten Speed Press).
(1). Confusing what you’re good at with what you like to do.
You don’t have to spend your life singing at weddings just because you have a silky voice. Nor do you have to become a chef because you have an uncanny gift with spices. To jump-start your career search, jot down two lists: one listing what you’re good at, and one of things you love to do.
Though it might require more soul searching, the list of what you enjoy is the most important. Why? Because if you enjoy doing something, you’ll do it for more than just a regular paycheck. You’ll do it more often, you’ll invest in training, you’ll do it when it’s difficult – you’ll do it until you’re good at it, and then some!
(2). Confusing avocations with vocations.
So you’ve made your lists and discovered you love running, law, reading and basket weaving. Now you’ve scratching your head, puzzling over how to combine all of these aspects into one job. Don’t worry – you don’t have to.
Believing your job has to satisfy the whole you is a common source of career error. Mind you, this does not mean you can’t love your job – you can just have a whole heap of activities and hobbies (avocations) on top of it.
For example, you may love to dance but you know you can’t earn enough dancing as a career. Dance, then, is a great avocation for you. You can continue to dance for fun, but separately from your day job.
(3). Confusing one aspect of a job with the whole job.
What you like to do doesn’t have to the primary thing you do. Often people over-identify with the thing they like to do – believing they must become it instead of doing it.
A common example is someone who likes to write. Instead of looking for opportunities to do writing, he thinks he has to become a writer. He only pursues writing-only careers like novelist, journalist or copyrighter, when instead, he could have looked into being a minister, public relations assistant, editor or government lobbyist.
4 University student career
No matter you were just make great strides forward the university school gate new student, or was is rushing about Yu Gezhong to advertise for the meeting the graduate, to the oneself itself correct localization, planned own professional direction, determined own goal, and then made the corresponding endeavor, all was imperative Is precisely the source to this, “the university student professional profession plan” this idea is has the positive sense .
Freshman class for probe time: Wanted to be preliminary has dismissed from office the enhancement interpersonal communication ability. The big study duty is not heavy, should participate in the school activity, the increase exchange technique .but do not have blindly to participate .
The second year for the direction detection .should consider whether the future will pursue advanced studies or the employment, through group and so on participation student association or mass organization green will exercise own can the potential simultaneously examine own knowledge technique.to enhance own sense of responsibility, the initiative and suffers setbacks the ability, and will start auxiliary to have the choice to repair other specialized knowledge to fill oneself .
Three grades approach the graduation for the sprint, the goal should lock in the enhancement seek employment the technique □collection company information, and determined whether oneself has to take exams for postgraduate schools. Had positively to exercise oneself obtains independently solves the question ability and the creation impositive general knowledge and joins the alumnus net green understanding old times to seek employment the situation; The hope goes abroad to study study □may contact studies abroad consultant, the participation studies abroad the series activity .
Four grades should lock for the split up □goal in the work apply and succeed in the employment By now might first prepare to previous three years to make a summary: Whether first examines oneself already professional goal Ming?qian which establishes three years preparation is whether full; After then starts Shanghai which the graduation works to shift positively participates in the employment advertise activity, examines own accumulation and □□preparing a lesson or the simulation in the practice interviews. Positively uses the condition which the school provides, the strengthening seeks employment the technique □to carry on the simulation to interview and so on to teach green makes the full preparation as far as possible.
When the university student carries on the professional profession plan, must oneself carry on the development localization, according to own ability, the design suits own goal, must have a different plan in the length different time, otherwise only is fantasizes, not realistic. In the design process must by oneself primarily, not have to think oneself infallible, simultaneously must refer expert opinion’s, lets design realistically, but operational is strong, best draws support from the regular specialized organization .
In brief, the science reasonable professional profession plan is the essential work which each university student gets employed, also is in each university student professional profession developing process inevitably request. Our each people all should know oneself suitablly makes any, as well as how achieves own goal .